Pollinators working in Grimley

Butterflies
red-admiralName: Red Admiral

The Red Admiral is an extremely striking British butterfly and, though it isn’t immediately obvious, its beauty is reflected in its name; the name ‘Red Admiral’ being a corruption of the original 18th century name ‘Red Admirable’.

Size
Wingspan:
Male: 64- 72mm
Female: 70-78mm
The female is generally larger than the male.

Habitat:
The Red Admiral is a frequent visitor to gardens throughout the British Isles and one of our most well-known butterflies.This butterfly can be found anywhere, from the seashore and town garden, to the tops of the highest mountains.

Diet:
The red admiral caterpillar eats plants in the nettle family. Adult red admiral usually eat rotting fruit, tree sap and bird droppings although, they sometimes eat the nectar of flowers like daisies, goldenrod, butterfly bush and milkweed.

Conservation status:
Long term distribution and population trends both show an increase and this species is not, therefore, a species of conservation concern.

Name: The Blue Morpho:Blue-Morpho

Size:
The Blue Morpho are among the largest butterflies in the world. Wingspan is from 5-8 inches. The males wings are broader than the females, and are the brighter in colour.

Habitat:
Blue Morphos live in the tropical rainforests of Latin America from Mexico to Colombia. Adults spend most of their time on the forests floor and in the lower shrubs and trees with their wings folded. But, when looking for mates, the Blue Morpho will fly through all the layers of the forest.

Diet:
The Blue Morpho’s diet changes throughout each stage of its life cycle. As a caterpillar it chews lots of different types of leaves from plants in the pea family. When it becomes a butterflies it can no longer chew, but drinks its food instead. Adults use a long mouthpart called a proboscisas a drinking straw. They like rotting fruit, tree sap, fungi and wet mud.

Hiding from Predators:
Their bright blue colour is because of scales on their back of their wings, which reflects light. But, the underside is a dull brown colour with eyespots, to make sure it is camouflaged when its wings are closed.

Fun Facts:
The Blue Morpho’s entire lifespan lasts only 115 days.
This means most of their time is spent eating and reproducing.

Wasps
waspName: Most commonly known wasps can be called ‘Yellow Jackets’ or ‘Hornets.’

Size:
A queen hornet can be more than 3.5 cm long, while workers are are a centimetre shorter.

Habitat:
All wasps build nests, although they vary in there nesting preferences. A wasp habitat is a paper-like nest made from wood fibres that have been chewed into a pulp. A yellow jacket habitat is a nest built below the ground surface. On the other hand, a hornet habitat, like a wasp’s is above ground.

Diet:
Wasps are fond of meat and they use their venomous sting to kill other insects such as grasshoppers, caterpillars and flies.

Offspring
The wasps nest is built of paper pulp made from old wood, which the wasps mixes with its saliva. Queen bee is the only one to survive in the winter and she uses the spring to build the nest herself and take care of the larvae. It is not uncommon for a wasps nest to hold more than 3000 bees.

Conservation Status:
The wasp is both a pest and a benefit. Certainly they eat fruits and berries, but at the same time they keep the number of flies down, just as they eat insects they are destroying our crops.

General information:

  • In Denmark, there are at least 10 species of wasp. First the common wasp and the hornet, and also the tree wasp, which is often a little smaller and lives underground.
  • Unlike bees and bumblebees, which loose their sting and die when they sting, the wasp’s sting is smooth and has no barb. And so it can easily sting several times.
  • It is not only bees that pollinate flowers. Wasps do it as well in their hunt for sweet nectar. They serve a number of our wild plants – including rare orchids.
  • Wasp venom is related to snake venom. However, their mouths are somewhat smaller and therefore less dangerous to humans, unless they are allergic.

 

 

Ofsted Outstanding 3D

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